the handmaiden of empire

Kumar charts the development of Orientalist discourse from the first perceptions of Islam as an emerging, competing rival and threat to Christian Europe, to the depiction of a religion of backward, irrational and uncivilized people incapable of democratic self-governance and enlightened thought..

slavery and elite
 education in the us

Like the colonization movement, development of this “science” flourished at some of the same elite colleges active in the decolonization movement and was based in the same set of ideas that saw a democratic, racially integrated America as both impossible and undesirable. ..

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